Pseudomonas aeruginosa in human diseases by International Symposium on Basic Research and Clinical Aspects of Pseudomonas Aeruginosa Infection (3rd 1990 Tokyo, Japan)

Cover of: Pseudomonas aeruginosa in human diseases | International Symposium on Basic Research and Clinical Aspects of Pseudomonas Aeruginosa Infection (3rd 1990 Tokyo, Japan)

Published by Karger in Basel, New York .

Written in English

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Subjects:

  • Pseudomonas aeruginosa infections -- Congresses.,
  • Immunotherapy -- congresses.,
  • Pseudomonas Aeruginosa -- congresses.,
  • Pseudomonas Aeruginosa -- pathogenicity -- congresses.,
  • Pseudomonas Infections -- drug therapy -- congresses.,
  • Pseudomonas Infections -- immunology -- congresses.,
  • Pseudomonas Infections -- therapy -- congresses.

Edition Notes

Includes bibliographical references and index.

Book details

Statement3rd International Symposium on Basic Research and Clinical Aspects of Pseudomonas Aeruginosa Infection, Tokyo, September 12-14, 1990 ; volume editors, J.Y. Homma ... [et al.].
SeriesAntibiotics and chemotherapy ;, vol. 44, Antibiotics and chemotherapy ;, v. 44.
ContributionsHomma, J. Y.
Classifications
LC ClassificationsRM260 .A55 vol. 44, RC116.P7 .A55 vol. 44
The Physical Object
Paginationix, 250 p. :
Number of Pages250
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL1542035M
ISBN 103805553854
LC Control Number91020839

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Severe Infections Caused by Pseudomonas aeruginosa emphasizes controversies worldwide in the diagnosis, treatment, prevention and pathogenesis of pseudomonas aeruginosa infections. By including both chapters written by European authors and chapters written by North American experts, the reader is ensured of receiving a broad spectrum of opinions on controversial 5/5(1).

Molecular biology of pseudomonas aeruginosa; role of virulence factors in pathogenesis; host defence in acute and chronic pseudomonas aeruginosa infection; immunotherapy; chemotherapy. Series Title: Antibiotics and chemotherapy, v. Responsibility. IDSAP BOOK 2 • DR ram-Negaie nfecions 7 Pseudomonas aeruginosa Pseudomonas aeruginosa is among the more common causes of infec - P.

aeruginosa is not a typical member of the human micro-biome, and the prevalence of colonization in healthy individ.

aeruginosa has evolved a multitude of viru- lence factors and virulence mechanisms that allow this bacterium to survive and replicate within human corneas with re- sultant disease. The ability of f. mginosa to adhere to mammalian cells and tissues Clinical and Cited by: Pseudomonas aeruginosa bronchopulmonary infection in late human immunodeficiency virus disease Baron AR, Hollander H.

Am Rev Respir Dis. / Wurtz, Rebecca. In: Infectious Diseases in Clinical Practice, Vol. 3, No. 2, Research output: Contribution to journal › Article › peer-reviewCited by: title = "Pseudomonas aeruginosa: Host defence in lung diseases", abstract = "Lung infections caused by the opportunistic pathogen Pseudomonas aeruginosa can present as a spectrum of clinical entities from a rapidly fatal pneumonia in a neutropenic patient to.

Pseudomonas aeruginosa is generally described as ubiquitous in natural settings, such as soil and water. However, because anecdotal observations and published reports have questioned whether or not this description is true, we undertook a rigorous study using three methods to investigate the occurrence of P.

aeruginosa: We investigated environmental samples, analyzed 16S rRNA data. Alice S. Prince, in Principles and Practice of Pediatric Infectious Diseases (Fourth Edition), Microbiology. Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a gram-negative bacillus found widely in nature, in soil and water.

Classified as an opportunistic pathogen, P. aeruginosa causes disease infrequently in normal hosts but is a major cause of infection in patients with underlying conditions. Pseudomonas aeruginosa meningitis.

See also. Pseudomonas sp. References. Campodónico VL, Gadjeva M, Paradis-Bleau C, Uluer A, Pier GB. Airway epithelial control of Pseudomonas aeruginosa infection in cystic fibrosis.

Trends Mol Med. Mar;14(3) PMID: Tsai MJ, Teng CJ, Teng RJ, Lee PI, Chang MH. Necrotizing bowel lesions. Pseudomonas is a type of bacteria (germ) that is found commonly in the environment, like in soil and in water.

Of the many different types of Pseudomonas, the one that most often causes infections in humans is called Pseudomonas aeruginosa, which can cause infections in the blood, lungs (pneumonia), or other parts of the body after surgery.

Germs that live in soil and water can cause Pseudomonas can get these infections in different parts of your body. The most common type that humans get is Pseudomonas aeruginosa. The germs may live in pools, hot tubs, and dirty contact healthy people don’t usually get infected.

Infection caused by Pseudomonas aeruginosa (P. aeruginosa) is common, with the burden of infection in hospitalized National Nosocomial Infections Surveillance (NNIS) System reports P. aeruginosa to be the second most common organism isolated in nosocomial pneumonia (17% of cases), the third most common organism isolated in both urinary tract infection (UTI) and surgical site.

Pseudomonas aeruginosa and other members of this group of gram-negative bacilli are opportunistic pathogens that frequently cause hospital-acquired infections, particularly in ventilator patients, burn patients, and patients with neutropenia or chronic debility. Many sites can be infected, and infection is usually severe.

Diagnosis is by culture. Antibiotic choice varies with the pathogen and. Pseudomonas aeruginosa is an opportunistic pathogen, meaning that it exploits some break in the host defenses to initiate an infection. In fact, Pseudomonas aeruginosa is the epitome of an opportunistic pathogen of humans.

The bacterium almost never infects uncompromised tissues, yet there is hardly any tissue that it cannot infect if the. Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a ubiquitously distributed opportunistic pathogen that inhabits soil and water as well as animal- human- and plant-host-associated environments.

It can be recovered, often in high numbers, in common food, especially vegetables. Introduction. Worldwide, respiratory infection caused by Pseudomonas aeruginosa is one of the most critical healthcare burdens, with six million hospital admissions and over four million deaths annually [1, 2].In people with a weakened immune system, P.

aeruginosa can cause acute respiratory infection leading to septicaemia and consequent fatality. In patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) and non. Epidemiology of Pseudomonas aeruginosa.

Pseudomonas aeruginosa is primarily a nosocomial pathogen. According to the CDC, the overall incidence of P. aeruginosa infections in US hospitals averages about percent (4 per discharges), and the bacterium is the fourth most commonly-isolated nosocomial pathogen accounting for percent of.

Pseudomonas aeruginosa can produce disease in any part of the gastrointestinal tract from the oropharynx to the rectum. As in other forms of Pseudomonas disease, those involving the GI tract occur primarily in immunocompromised individuals. The organism has been implicated in perirectal infections, pediatric diarrhea, typical gastroenteritis.

Pseudomonas infections are caused by a free-living bacterium from the genus favor moist areas and are widely found in soil and water. Only a few of the many species cause : Jacquelyn Cafasso. Pseudomonas aeruginosa Revisited.

Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology, Vol. 11, Issue. 2, p. The cytotoxic action of leucociden from Pseudomonas aeruginosa on human polymorphonuclear leukocytes. Pseudomonas aeruginosa: The Organism, Diseases it Causes, and Their Treatment. Bern, Switzerland, Huber,p Background. Pseudomonas aeruginosa is the major pathogen associated with chronic and ultimately fatal lung infections in patients with cystic fibrosis (CF).To investigate how P.

aeruginosa-derived vesicles may contribute to lung disease, we explored their ability to associate with human lung cells. Background: Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a common cause of canine otitis; P.

aeruginosa biofilm formation has been documented in human medicine, but the role of biofilms in canine disease is not well documented. Bacteria within biofilms can be more resistant to antibiotics compared with their planktonic form; therefore, understanding the biofilm-forming capacity of isolates and their.

Pseudomonas infections occur due to a specific type of bacteria and can affect different areas of the body. While these infections are usually mild in. Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a ubiquitous environmental gramnegative bacterium found in soil and water. This opportunistic pathogen can cause infections in individuals with host-defense defects, including those with cystic fibrosis (CF), tissue injury due to burns, or immunodeficiency due to cancer chemotherapy [].CF, the most common lethal genetic disease in Caucasians, is associated.

Cystic fibrosis (CF) is a genetic disorder that predominantly affects Caucasian populations. Pseudomonas aeruginosa is the most important Gram‐negative pathogen that persists in CF patients’ lungs.

By evading host defence mechanisms and persisting, it is ultimately responsible for the morbidity and mortality of about 80% of CF patients worldwide. aeruginosa is also responsible. Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a common encapsulated, Gram-negative, rod-shaped bacterium that can cause disease in plants and animals, including humans.

A species of considerable medical importance, P. aeruginosa is a multidrug resistant pathogen recognized for its ubiquity, its intrinsically advanced antibiotic resistance mechanisms, and its association with serious illnesses – hospital.

Pseudomonas aeruginosa is widely present in many diverse environments. It can be found in various living sources, including water, plants, intestinal tract of human and animals, and most.

A worrisome trend in the study and treatment of infectious disease noted in recent years is the increase in multidrug resistant strains of bacteria concurrent with a scarcity of new antimicrobial agents to counteract this rise.

This is particularly true amongst bacteria within the Enterococcus faecium, Staphylococcus aureus, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Acinetobacter baumannii, Pseudomonas. Pseudomonas aeruginosa may cause severe lung infections in humans.

This bacteria secretes an elastase that might degrade lung elastin. We have studied the solubilization of human lung elastin by P.

aeruginosa elastase in an attempt to delineate the pathogenic role of this proteinase in P. aeruginosa lung infections. We also used bovine ligamentum nuchae elastin and human leukocyte elastase for.

Pseudomonas aeruginosa is the most common Gram-negative pathogen in adults with CF, and decades of antibiotic exposure leads to acquired antibiotic resistance in addition to the high innate antibiotic resistance of the organism (Patient Registry, ).

Pseudomonas aeruginosa Infection in Human Lung Disease Nicola Ivan Lorè, a,b Barbara Sipione, a Gengming He, c Lisa J. Strug, c,d Hanifa J. Atamni, e Alexandra Dorman, e Richard Mott, f Fuad A.

Iraqi, e Alessandra Bragonzi a. Pseudomonas aeruginosa is one of the common species responsible for an array of diseases in the respiratory tract, gastrointestinal tract, urinary tract, bones, joints and different systemic infections of normal and immunocompromised patients as well.

It exhibits resistance to a wide variety of antimicrobial agents and expresses diverse molecular epidemiology to various established classes of. Pseudomonas aeruginosa is an opportunistic pathogen and causes a wide range of acute and chronic infections.

aeruginosa infections are kept in check by an effective immune surveillance in the healthy host, while any imbalance or defect in the normal immune response can manifest in disease. Human genetics influence a range of pathological and clinical phenotypes in respiratory infections; however, the contributions of disease modifiers remain underappreciated.

We exploited the Collaborative Cross (CC) mouse genetic-reference population to map genetic modifiers that affect the severity of Pseudomonas aeruginosa lung infection.

- Explore Andrew Anderson's board "pseudomonas aeruginosa" on Pinterest. See more ideas about Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Microscopic photography, Medical illustration pins. Human genetics influence a range of pathological and clinical phenotypes in respiratory infections; however, the contributions of disease modifiers remain underappreciated.

We exploited the Collaborative Cross (CC) mouse genetic-reference population to map genetic modifiers that affect the severity of Pseudomonas aeruginosa lung.

Human genetics influence a range of pathological and clinical phenotypes in respiratory infections; however, the contributions of disease modifiers remain underappreciated.

We exploited the Collaborative Cross (CC) mouse genetic-reference population to map genetic modifiers that affect the severity of Pseudomonas aeruginosa lung infection. Screening for P. aeruginosa respiratory infection in a. The Pseudomonas aeruginosa bacteria is central to an important discovery by scientists using human spaceflight research to unlock the mysteries of how disease-causing agents work and can be controlled.

Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Pseudomonas maltophilia account for approximately 80 percent of pseudomonads recovered from clinical specimens. Because of the frequency with which it is involved in human disease, Pseudomonas aeruginosa has received the most attention.

ABSTRACT. It is widely known that cigarette smoke damages host defenses and increases susceptibility to bacterial infections. Pseudomonas aeruginosa, a Gram-negative bacterium that commonly colonizes the airways of smokers and patients with chronic lung disease, can cause pneumonia and sepsis and can trigger exacerbations of lung diseases.

Pseudomonas aeruginosa colonizing airways is. Pseudomonas aeruginosa can cause infection of the blood (bacteremia), heart (endocraditis), central nervous system (meningitis, brain abscess), ear (otitis externa, or swimmer's ear), eyes, bones, joints, skin, urinary, and gastrointestinal tract, in addition to the respiratory tract.Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a gram negative monas aeruginosa can resist high concentration of salt, dyes, weak antiseptics, and many commonly used antibiotics.

Most pseudomonads known to cause disease in humans are associated with opportunistic infections. Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Pseudomonas maltophila are mostly responsible for disease conditions.Pseudomonas aeruginosa.

Bacteria-> Proteobacteria-> Gammaproteobacteria-> Pseudomonadales-> Pseudomonadaceae-> Pseudomonas-> Pseudomonas aeruginosa-Optimal pH in humans or animals and having an extended history of safe usage and 4 being a species that can cause a very serious human disease, for which no prophylaxis is known.

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